Nutrition and diet play a key role in the development of atherosclerosis, hypertension and heart failure. These diseases are the leading cause of death in affluent societies.
Atherosclerosis is the pathological process that underlies the majority of vascular diseases. The amount and type of dietary fat consumed in the diet play a fundamental role in the development and management of atherosclerosis.
An increased plasma concentration of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is a key risk factor for the development of coronary heart diseases (CHD).